MASARYK, JAN GARRIGUE° (1886–1948), Czechoslovak diplomat and statesman, son of president thomas g. masaryk . From 1925 to 1938 Masaryk was his country's envoy in London, but resigned after the Munich Pact (Sept. 30, 1938), which compelled Czechoslovakia to give up the Sudetenland. In 1940 he was appointed foreign minister of the Czechoslovak exile government in London and retained the post after Czechoslovakia's liberation in 1945 and after the Communist takeover on Feb. 25, 1948. On March 10, 1948, his corpse was found beneath the window of the Czernin Palace in Prague, in which the Foreign Ministry was situated. It is still controversial whether he was murdered for political reasons or committed suicide. During his stay in London he formed ties of friendship with chaim weizmann and became an ardent supporter of Zionism. He fought against antisemitism during and after the Nazi period. In one of his speeches, Masaryk stated: "Every antisemite is a potential murderer whose place is in prison." Due to his intervention, Czechoslovakia allowed the Jewish refugees of the berihah to cross its territory and actively supported the proposal to establish a Jewish state. He believed that "to establish a Jewish state is one of the greatest political ideas of our time." In the years of Israel's War of Independence (1948–49) Masaryk assisted in arranging the export of Czechoslovak weapons to the struggling state. The Mauser rifles with the Czech lion were known as "Czech rifles" and played an important part in the defense and conquest of the Jewish part of Jerusalem and other localities where critical fighting took place.   -BIBLIOGRAPHY: V. Fischl (Avigdor Dagan), Hovory s Janem Masarykem (1952); Ch. Weizmann, Trial and Error (1949), index. (Chaim Yahil / Yeshayahu Jelinek (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Masaryk, Jan (Garrigue) — born Sept. 14, 1886, Prague, Bohemia, Austria Hungary died March 10, 1948, Prague, Czech. Czech statesman. The son of Tomáš Masaryk, he entered the foreign service of the newly independent Czechoslovakia in 1919 and served as ambassador to… …   Universalium

  • Masaryk, Jan (Garrigue) — (14 sep. 1886, Praga, Bohemia, Austria–Hungría–10 mar. 1948, Praga, Checoslovaquia). Estadista checo. Hijo de Tomáš Masaryk, ingresó al servicio exterior de la recién independizada Checoslovaquia en 1919 y fue embajador en Gran Bretaña entre 1925 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jan — /jan/; for 1 also Du., Ger. /yahn/, n. 1. a male given name, form of John. 2. a female given name, form of Janet. * * * (as used in expressions) Brueghel Jan the Elder Jan Amos Komenský Dussek Jan Ladislav Eyck Jan van Gossart Jan Jan Mabuse Jan… …   Universalium

  • Jan — m. Adaptación del nombre «khan», defendida como la más conforme a la pronunciación de esta palabra en su lengua original. ⇒ Can, kan, Khan. * * * jan. m. Cuba. Vara de madera dura, rematada en una punta de hierro, que se emplea para ahoyar en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jan Masaryk — est un homme politique et diplomate tchécoslovaque, né le 14 septembre 1886 à Prague où il est mort le 10 mars 1948. Démocrate convaincu, fils du premier président du pays, il participe au gouvernement d union nationa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jan Masaryk — Jan Garrigue Masaryk (September 14, 1886 ndash; March 10, 1948) was a Czechoslovak diplomat and politician and Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1940 to 1948. Early life Born in Prague, he was a son of professor and politician Tomáš Masaryk …   Wikipedia

  • Masaryk-Universität Brno — Masaryk Universität Gründung 1919 Trägerschaft staatlich Ort Brünn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Masaryk-Universität Brünn — Masaryk Universität Gründung 1919 Trägerschaft staatlich Ort Brünn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Masaryk — es un apellido checo. Es el apellido de: Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (1850 1937), filósofo, político y estadista austrohúngaro y checoslovaco, fundador y primer presidente de Checoslovaquia. Jan Garrigue Masaryk (1886 1948), diplomático y político… …   Wikipedia Español

  • MASARYK (J.) — MASARYK JAN (1886 1948) Fils du premier président de la République tchécoslovaque, Tomáš Masaryk, et de l’Américaine Charlotte Garrigue, Jan Masaryk, musicien doué et causeur attachant, cache sous un humour de bon vivant une sensibilité très vive …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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